This article describes the refrigeration industry from an environmental point of view and argues for phasing out refrigerators with gases that contribute to global warming.
Technical solutions articles
This text describes Friendly Sam, a toolbox developed to formulate optimisation-based models of energy systems.
Transition strategies for delivering low carbon district heat: 6 guides to put you on the right track
The HeatNet NWE project aims to introduce 4DHC (4th generation District Heating) in North West Europe. Here are six guides from the project.
This handbook from the Upgrade DH project describes technical and non-technical approaches for upgrading existing systems.
This article is based on a webinar within the project Flexi-Sync and describes the approach taken in the project to optimise district energy flexibility.
This database collects useful web applications and interactive maps from around the world to be used for the study of sustainable Energy Systems.
This article presents three methods for optimising the operation of a District Heating/District Cooling network, focusing on the utility side of the network.
This article presents an overview of Thermal Energy Storage (TES), which can help balance energy demand and supply over time – and reduce CO2 emissions and costs.
The IEA publication Solar Heat for cities: The sustainable solution provides information about solar heating for cities and showcases nine solar district heating systems built in Europen cities.
This article describes different ways to optimise the production and supply of district heat and cooling, from smaller to larger optimisations.
Sewage water can be used to recover waste heat for heating or cooling buildings, and the use of waste water has high energy potential.
This article describes strategies to improve energy efficiency in data centres – such as using waste heat for district heating systems.