This text is from the Celsius Wiki, which was published between 2015 and 2018.
This case study is part of a project catalogue produced by ReUseHeat to provide inspiration on how to utilize excess heat from urban sources for heating and cooling purposes. The catalogue contains 25 existing or planned projects out of which 12 cases are Danish and 13 cases are from other European countries.
In 1989 the local district heating company in Sandvika, a suburb to Oslo, started operation of two heat pumps utilizing sewage water for both heating and cooling purposes. The heat pump facility called Sandvika Energisentral have since produced cheap and environmentally friendly energy for the local consumers.
With urban expansion in Sandvika throughout the 1980’s came an increased need for district heating. It was decided, that a new heating central was to utilize excess heat from sewage water in two 6.5 MW heat pumps. The system further enabled district cooling, and the project was one of the firsts to combine district heating and district cooling in northern Scandinavia. Since construction, delivery of both heating and cooling have increased. As modern office buildings install more and more data units, the district cooling demand increase. The project further includes defrosting of pavements in winter, which is a popular need in urban northern communities.
The heat pumps are supplied with sewage water from a major waste water channel leading sewage water away from the areas of Olso, Bærum and Asker to a waste water treatment plant. To be near the waste water channel, the heat pumps are placed in a subterranean cavern, excavated from bedrock. As a supplement to the heat pumps, oil burning vessels and a conventional refrigeration unit were integrated in the system. In 2008, a third heat pump of 10 MW was installed. In 2013, approximately 95% of the production needed came from heat pumps and the remaining 5% was produced by the peak load units.
With the project come lowered energy prices and environmental benefits as fossil fuels are not used to produce district heating and cooling. As the system is optimized, the total amount of refrigerant R134a used in the heat pumps is lowered.
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